Psychodrama is an active and creative therapeutic approach that uses guided drama and role-playing to work through problems. Developed by Dr. Jacob Moreno, psychodrama can be effective individually or in a group (sociodrama), and is sometimes offered in mental health programs, schools and businesses.
During each psychodrama session, participants re-enact specific scenes and experiences with guidance from a therapist. These scenes may include past situations, dreams, and preparations for future events. In a group setting, other participants play the roles of significant others or the audience, offering support and bringing to the surface underlying beliefs and issues.
The goals of psychodrama are to gain new insights, resolve problems, and practice new life skills and behaviours. Sessions can last from one to two hours and may be acted out on stage under the guidance of a psychodrama director.